Probation officers are an important element of the criminal justice system and their job is to work directly with persons who have been sentenced to probation instead of jail time or with persons who have completed prison time and are released on parole. Probation Officer Jobs are primarily with local and state governments in major cities although there are also jobs available with the federal government. In many criminal justice systems there is no difference between a probation officer job and a parole officer job and in the systems where there is a difference the parole officer works with offenders who are released after serving their time in prison while probation officers work with those who are sentenced to probation without being required to serve prison time. 오피
In either case the probation officer is involved with the pre-sentencing investigation to help the courts determine a fair sentence by investigating the background, character, and criminal records of the person being sentenced. They will talk to family and friends and dig into public records for incriminating or redeeming information. These finding will then be presented to the court to help it determine a fair sentence. The Job also includes helping the court avoid sentencing a person guilty of a first time crime with the same sentence a habitual offender would receive.
Probation officers generally have a forty hour work week but sometimes the job requires more hours and although they are usually involved with individuals who are nonviolent offenders they still experience a lot of stress. They will work with an individual from the day that person is released until the end of their probation which includes being responsible for all necessary paperwork related to the case. If they work with juveniles they must know the current laws concerning juvenile rights and will often have counseling sessions with them either at their home or their work.
Educational requirements vary with the employers some of whom require only a high school education while others require a bachelor’s degree in social sciences, criminal justice, social work or even psychology. There are also some employers who require a master’s degree in any one of the same fields.